John Wycliffe - The Bible man
John Wycliffe was born in Yorkshire, England, probably in the year 1328. In 1346 he studied Theology, Philosophy and Canon Law at Oxford. At the age of 26 he became master of Balliol College, Oxford. In 1361 he was ordained by the Catholic Church to become the vicar at Fillingham. He returned to Oxford, where he completed his bachelor's degree in Theology in 1365 and his doctorate in 1372.
John Wycliffe was invited by Parliament to lead the discussions on papal taxation, since his fame as a theologian was already great. At that time, the papacy was installed in Avignon, France, this was in middle of the hundred years war. Parliament was looking for ways to prevent the collection of ecclesiastical taxes, since the amount collected in England was enriching France. The Parliament, on the basis of argument provided by Wycliffe, stated that England's submission to a foreign authority was illegal because it had been decided without the consent of the nation. Until the end of the reign of Edward III, in 1377, England was the only State that assumed, this stance against the Church.
John Wycliffe supported Edward III and, on the theoretical basis of royal policy, wrote "A Definition of Property," with which he defended the right of the state to legislate on the problem of ecclesiastical taxes. With these arguments he gained hostility from the clergy and favours of the English Government. He was appointed rector of Lutterworth, in Leicestershire, in 1374, a position he held until his death.
As early as 1374, Wycliffe received a mission which led him to Bruges, as a Government delegate, to deal with the papal issue of "provisions", that is, the Holy Father's traditional right to appoint anyone who wished to hold ecclesiastical offices. Wycliffe was against but did not get anything practical.
In 1376 he published the most important of his works "On Private Property," in which he affirmed that all rights, including property, emanated from God, and that the earthly goods of the clergy should be taken and the Church should devote itself only to spiritual matters. It presupposed the need for state encroachment of lands belonging to the Church.
Wycliffe wrote 65 works in English and 96 in Latin. He translated the Bible into English in order to make it accessible to the people. He attacked the ecclesiastical hierarchy. The Church was divided, Clement VII elected by the French clergy in Avignon, and Urban VI, Elected Pope in Rome. The clash between them, was what Wycliffe needed to call the Popes Antichrists. He turned against all the dogmas of the Church: absolution of sins, the host, all were a targets for the attacks of Wycliffe.
Another important point of Wycliffe's criticism was the defense of the "supreme authority" of Scripture and the non-interference of papal opinion about them and the Christian tradition. This principle attacked the pope's authority as representing Peter on earth and bearing the "key of the Church." Wycliffe came to qualify some Popes as antichrists because of this.
One of his principal treatises was the De veritate Sacrae Scripturae (published in 1378). For Wycliffe, unlike the Pope, the scriptures were infallible. This thesis influenced both Lutheranism and Calvinism and its ramifications. One of Wycliffe's last actions was to translate the Bible into English.
The Hundred Years 'War and the peasants' revolt brought about the condemnations of the poor Church. Wycliffe was condemned by the archbishop of Canterbury, although he maintained the position of rector. He continued his work and at the end of his life he wrote "Trialogus," a summary of his theories.
John Wycliffe was a professor at the University of Oxford, a theologian and English religious reformer, considered to be the forerunner of the religious reforms that shook Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries. He worked on the first translation of the Bible into the English language, which became known as the Wycliffe Bible.
He died in Lutterworth, England, on December 31, 1384. In 1415, the Council of Constance ordered his remains to be burned and the ashes cast into the waters of the Swift River, at Lutterworth.
“ebiografia.com” “acessado em: 19/02/2019 / 13pm” (Dilva Frazão)
REVIVAL IS NOT:
Note: Some items related here may even happen during the revival, but isolated is not revival.
. It is not a movement...
WHAT PRECEDES REVIVAL:
. A time of darkness in society
. Hopelessness in people’s hearts
. Coldness in the churches
PURPOSE OF REVIVAL
To carry out Great Commission
The Great Commission is carried out as the fruit of the revival...
WHAT HAPPENS DURING REVIVAL:
. The Holy Spirit of God is always in control.
. The fear of the Lord come to rests upon all.
. A state of brokenness.
. Unlimited Worship.
. A Strong conviction of sins with confessions
. A State of Repentance.
. A Deep desire for Holiness.
. Many miracles, signs and wonders.
. End to social injustice, violence and crimes.
. Profound impact on society...
RESULTS OF REVIVAL:
- The Church arises (for the Great Commission) in boldness to speak of the love of God to the lost.
- There is extraordinary numerical growth in the Church, membership multiplies supernaturally.
- Society now respects the Church as the Divine Institution it is.
- This revival does not come to liberals, mystics, syncretists and the merely religious, but to a people desperately longing for the presence of God.
- The final phase of revival is the restoration of society to the standards of the Word of God, bringing justice, righteousness, compassion and blessing that should continue through generations.
Revivals, Great Awakenings and visitations from God in the United Kingdom over time
This timeline is to help you get to know and understand God's moves within the UK from when God used a humble man in Ireland (in the 5th Century), Saint Patrick, through many other men and events up until modern times. These men defied the circumstances of their times and made history, being hungry and desperate for the presence of God. Many of them were not understood in their day, but today are examples of people who dared to obey God and in doing so, changed the course of history. Here in the United Kingdom, there were many visitations from the Lord which touched generations both here and around the world, writing chapters of the history of the Church. These amazing accounts demonstrate God's great love for Britain. You will know all or some of the following ‘brave hearts’ for God. We believe that there were many others whom history did not recognise, but they are eternally recorded by the Lord.
We are the next generation that will make history in the UK; WE who are here now on this site, wanting to know more about revivals and about God's next move in the nations of Great Britain.
... If you agree, say Amen!!
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