John Knox - Leader and Reformer
One cannot say that there was a revival in Scotland, but rather a Reformation led by John Knox in the 16th century (1560) that triggered major changes in the Church of his Country.
John Knox was born in 1514 in the Lowlands region of Scotland, in or near Haddington, native to the county town of East Lothian. His father William Knox, from a good family, without being especially distinguished, had fought in the Battle of Flodden and was native to the county of Haddington. His mother's name was Sinclair.
He was ordained a priest before 1540, when his priesthood status was mentioned for the first time. Until 1543 Knox remained under Rome’s command. By this time however, he seemed to have given private lessons instead of having parochial obligations, he was very brave and dynamic making many things happen in his day. He confessed his Protestant faith for the first time in late 1545. The church was in real chaos, there was a great persecution of Christians and John Knox went to take refuge in Germany where he met Calvin, studied at his school and after a while returned to Scotland again to make a total reformation in the church with a Calvinist-influenced approach.
In 1559, the Scottish Parliament established the Presbyterian Church. John Knox believed that the Presbyterian system of government was a new form of government as in the New Testament, that is, the church should be governed by officers elected by the Church itself and not as it currently was; chosen by the state which chose the bishops who led it.
The manifestos of 1560 are more influenced by Knox than any other individual and his confession was very important for the new Church in his declaration about faith, concluding in the introduction of Protestantism by the reformist Parliament. The Sunday service was forever changed through the Knox Liturgy, with the Book of Common Order ordering religious services in the local language and placing the Word as the centerpiece of everything.
Instructions for the Protestant community were given in their Book of Discipline which included topics on general education, measures to help the poor, the elderly and the sick, and more cooperation between the church and the state.
He worked for the purity of the service, saying that only the Scriptures should guide the way God was to be worshiped - biblical worship. The Church service became a corporate activity where people were actually involved contrary to the model of the Catholic Church. He exchanged Latin for English in meetings and began to use the Bible in English which made it much easier to understand.
The Presbyterian model came from Scotland, so he was considered the Father of the Reformation in Scotland.
From August 1559 until his death, he was the minister of the High Church of Edinburgh or St. Egidio (St. Giles, High Kirk of Edinburgh).
REVIVAL IS NOT:
Note: Some items related here may even happen during the revival, but isolated is not revival.
. It is not a movement...
WHAT PRECEDES REVIVAL:
. A time of darkness in society
. Hopelessness in people’s hearts
. Coldness in the churches
PURPOSE OF REVIVAL
To carry out Great Commission
The Great Commission is carried out as the fruit of the revival...
WHAT HAPPENS DURING REVIVAL:
. The Holy Spirit of God is always in control.
. The fear of the Lord come to rests upon all.
. A state of brokenness.
. Unlimited Worship.
. A Strong conviction of sins with confessions
. A State of Repentance.
. A Deep desire for Holiness.
. Many miracles, signs and wonders.
. End to social injustice, violence and crimes.
. Profound impact on society...
RESULTS OF REVIVAL:
- The Church arises (for the Great Commission) in boldness to speak of the love of God to the lost.
- There is extraordinary numerical growth in the Church, membership multiplies supernaturally.
- Society now respects the Church as the Divine Institution it is.
- This revival does not come to liberals, mystics, syncretists and the merely religious, but to a people desperately longing for the presence of God.
- The final phase of revival is the restoration of society to the standards of the Word of God, bringing justice, righteousness, compassion and blessing that should continue through generations.
Revivals, Great Awakenings and visitations from God in the United Kingdom over time
This timeline is to help you get to know and understand God's moves within the UK from when God used a humble man in Ireland (in the 5th Century), Saint Patrick, through many other men and events up until modern times. These men defied the circumstances of their times and made history, being hungry and desperate for the presence of God. Many of them were not understood in their day, but today are examples of people who dared to obey God and in doing so, changed the course of history. Here in the United Kingdom, there were many visitations from the Lord which touched generations both here and around the world, writing chapters of the history of the Church. These amazing accounts demonstrate God's great love for Britain. You will know all or some of the following ‘brave hearts’ for God. We believe that there were many others whom history did not recognise, but they are eternally recorded by the Lord.
We are the next generation that will make history in the UK; WE who are here now on this site, wanting to know more about revivals and about God's next move in the nations of Great Britain.
... If you agree, say Amen!!
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